Recent stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is an ongoing project and it is displaying great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an on-going project and it is exhibiting me diabetes help great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now doing clinical trials for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure entails transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed and thus no insulin is manufactured. These patients have to be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body after the first transplant can provide warning signs once the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and frequently just black out which may be harmful when driving or performing other crucial tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can’t treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there are not adequate donors to go around with simply approximately 3,500 donor organs available last year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.

The solution to this challenge would be to make islets inside the lab making use of stems cells. There is currently research going on using controversial embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But due to the ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving gradually. People who think that life starts at conception strongly battle embryonic stem cell research since the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells have not become full grown into human cells and also have the greatest potential to grow to be any type of cells in the human body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents for this research think that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But you’ll find studies which raise questions about the capability of these cells as therapies.A recently available published study noted that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells taken from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are typically called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not been able to become reproduced.

Even though the research using stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists believe that this research supports the most promise for achievement for diabetics as a way to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone naturally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the battle to discover a remedy for this serious disease.