Today's stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project which is showing great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently conducting clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed and thus no insulin is produced. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body following the first transplant can provide warning signs if the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and often just black out that may be harmful when driving or performing other essential tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who have got Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there are not adequate donors to go around with simply about 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get entirely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this problem would be to make islets within the lab using stems cells. There is currently research going on using controversial embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this pathway towards a cure is moving gradually. People who think that life starts at conception strongly fight embryonic stem cell research because the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells have not become full grown into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any type of cells inside the human body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so forth.

Opponents to this research think that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But there are studies which raise questions regarding the capability of these cells as therapies.

A recent published study revealed that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells obtained from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are generally called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not had the capacity to be reproduced.

Although the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages quite a few scientists believe that this research supports the most promise for achievement for diabetics to be able to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone normally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the fight to look for a remedy for this chronic disease.